Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Traumatic events, such as military battle, strike, a collision or a natural disaster, can have long lasting negative effects. Sometimes our natural responses and instincts, which is often lifesaving within a crisis, keep people who have ongoing emotional symptoms since they're not integrated into consciousness.

Since the body is active growing the heart rate, moving blood to muscles for activity and preparing your body to fight off disease and bleeding in case there is a wound, all physical assets and vitality get dedicated to physically leaving harm’s way. This resulting injury to the brain’s reaction process is named posttraumatic stress reaction or disorder, also known as PTSD.

PTSD affects 3.5% of the U.S. adult population—about 7.7 million Americans—but women are far more likely to produce bipolar symptoms the problem than men. About 37% of the situations are classified as serious. Although PTSD can happen at any age, the average age of beginning is in a person’s early 20s.

Symptoms

The signs of PTSD belong to these categories.

Intrusive Memories, that may incorporate flashbacks of reliving the minute of bad dreams injury and scary thoughts.

Avoidance, that may include staying away from things or certain areas that are reminders of the traumatic event. Someone could also feel nervous numb, accountable or depressed or having trouble recalling the traumatic event.

Dissociation, which can include out-of-body experiences or feeling that the world is "not true" (derealization).

Hypervigilance, that may include being surprised very easily, feeling anxious, sleep disorders or outbursts of anger.

Throughout the last 5 years, research on 1–6 year olds found that young kids can develop PTSD, and the indicators are very different from those of adults. These studies also found a rise in PTSD diagnoses in young kids by over 8 instances when using the newer requirements. Signs in small children may include:

Working out scary events during play

Forgetting how/ being unable to talk

Being excessively clingy with adults

Excessive temper tantrums, along with overly aggressive behavior

Diagnosis

Signs of PTSD typically begin within a few months after having a traumatic event, but occasionally appear years Heal Developmental Trauma afterward. Symptoms must last more than a month to be considered PTSD. PTSD is often accompanied drug abuse by despair or another anxiety disorder.

Symptoms can be described by people in many different ways. How a person describes symptoms usually depends on the cultural lens she's looking through. Whereas in many Eastern cultures, people more commonly refer to physical pain in Western cultures, people typically talk about their emotions or feelings. Latinos and African Americans tend to be more probably be misdiagnosed, so that they should look for a health care professional who shares their expectations for treatment and understands their history.

Because young children have limited verbal phrase and rising abstract cognitive, study shows that diagnostic criteria needs to be much behaviorally anchored and sensitive to recognize PTSD in preschool children. Read more about the preschool Heal Developmental Trauma subtype at the National Center for PTSD.

Treatment

PTSD is addressed and managed in many ways.

Medicines, including antipsychotic medications mood stabilizers and antidepressants.

http://psychcentral.com/disorders/ptsd/

Psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy or group therapy.

Self-management strategies, for example "self-soothing". Several treatment strategies, including mindfulness, are beneficial to ground an individual and carry her back to truth after a dissociative episode or a flashback.

http://ptsd.about.com/od/symptomsanddiagnosis/a/PTSDsymptoms.htm

Service animals, especially dogs, will help soothe several of the signs of PTSD.

It can be treated effectively though PTSD cannot be relieved. Read more on our treatment site.

Related Conditions

Someone with PTSD could have thoughts of or attempts at suicide, together with added problems:

Anxiety disorders, including OCD and Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder

Depression

Substance abuse

These other diseases can make it difficult to deal with post traumatic stress disorder PTSD. For instance, medicines might actually trigger them, and used to deal with OCD or depression may worsen symptoms of PTSD. Successfully treating PTSD typically increases these related illnesses. And effective treatment of additional anxiety despair or drug abuse generally helps the signs of PTSD.

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